Guggenheim New York
Located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, the Guggenheim Museum, also known as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum is a famous art museum. It was founded by Solomon R. Guggenheim around 1937 to exhibit and preserve his collection of non-objective art. The current building was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and opened in 1959, replacing the rented spaces the museum had been using.
The Guggenheim Museum has an expanding permanent collection of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, early Modern and contemporary art. There are also special exhibitions featured throughout the year. The museum’s mission is to promote the understanding and
appreciation of art, architecture, and other manifestations of visual culture, primarily of the modern and contemporary periods, and to collect, conserve, and study the art of our time.
The building is cylindrical in shape, wider at the top than the bottom, and was conceived as a “temple of the spirit.” It is one of the 20th century’s most important architectural landmarks. The building opened on October 21, 1959. The building underwent extensive expansion and renovations in 1992 (when an adjoining tower was built) and from 2005 to 2008.
Since 1992, the Guggenheim has produced more than 275 exhibitions. These projects have encompassed definitive retrospectives of American and international artists, including Matthew Barney, Georg Baselitz, Francesco Clemente, Dan Flavin, Jenny Holzer, Ellsworth Kelly, Roy Lichtenstein, Mario Merz, Robert Morris, Claes Oldenburg, Nam June Paik, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Daniel Buren, David Smith, Richard Prince, Cai Guo-Qiang, and Louise Bourgeois; historical surveys of 20th-century art such as The Great Utopia: The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915–1932 (1992), Picasso and the Age of Iron (1993), The Italian Metamorphosis, 1943–1968 (1994), and Abstraction in the Twentieth Century: Total Risk, Freedom, Discipline (1996), and Kazimir Malevich: Suprematism (2003); and exhibitions that have presented the artistic heritage of many countries and regions: Africa: The Art of a Continent (1996), China: 5,000 Years (1998), Brazil: Body & Soul (2001), The Aztec Empire (2004), RUSSIA! (2005), and Spanish Painting from El Greco to Picasso: Time, Truth, and History (2006). Since 2000, Guggenheim-organized exhibitions have been presented in more than 80 museums around the world.
The museum’s collection has grown organically, over eight decades, and is founded upon several important private collections, beginning with Solomon R. Guggenheim’s original collection. The collection is shared with the museum’s sister museums in Bilbao, Spain, and elsewhere.